Fadimata Walet Oumar, musician and singer, had first fled the violence between Tuareg rebels and the Malian army in 1992. In exile, Oumar and other refugees from around Timbuktu founded the band Tartit, which played traditional Tuareg music. Early 2012, Oumar had to flee Mali again. When Muslim extremists took over the north of Mali, they forbade music. For four years Timbuktu was silenced, as musicians were prosecuted for plying their trade. But even in exile in Burkina Faso she continued to support the Tuareg women and children in the refugee camps with music and education.